Most will agree, if learning is to occur there must be a 'student' and a 'teacher'. However, most may not agree on the means by which learning takes place.
Here is the way I see it:
Learning does not take place when the teacher gives the instruction to the student.
Learning does take place when the student takes the instruction from the teacher.
A student must be among the most active of participants within any educational environment. Once a student's active participation in learning begins to occur, the lessons can become more difficult and thus more effective.